Top Internet of Things Technologies You Should Know to Hire IoT Developer
Technology advances at such a remarkably fast pace, and it’s a highly common occurrence for some new technological innovation to rise to mainstream popularity and shake up the IT industry. One of the most recent crazes in the tech sphere is the Internet of Things (IoT), which allows technology to intimately blend into our daily lives and become a fundamental component of human experience by bringing the power of the internet to almost every gadget, appliance, equipment, and generally every imaginable object. Objects that are part of the Internet of Things have digital capabilities that can automate various tasks or provide valuable digital services, but more importantly, they have the capacity to extract information from their surroundings and use these data to provide further improvements in the collective experience of their users. The knowledge of proper usage of IoT can be very beneficial in today’s life. Besides, IoT developers are very demanded nowadays and it reflects on the hight IoT developer salary.
In this article, we take a closer look at the Internet of Things and explore the most promising Internet of Things technologies that IoT developers can take advantage of and which can offer precious business value in any industry.
IoT Up Close: Things an IoT Developer Should Know
Before going further into the most exciting IoT tools and technologies, let’s first take a look at how the Internet of Things actually works.
The whole IoT system is usually broken down into 5 functional layers. Let’s take a look at each layer to better understand the inner working of the IoT.
The lowest layer of the Internet of Things, this layer is where IoT devices extract data from their environment. This is done through the use of different sensors, each of which measures different things such as temperature, pressure, orientation, speed, location, etc. These sensors allow IoT devices to adjust depending on the conditions of their surroundings.
This layer provides the bridge that connects the IoT devices to the internet. Much like the typical computer network system, this layer serves as the transport layer that delivers information from the perception layer to the rest of the world via the internet, and collects information from the internet to be used by the IoT devices.
Analogous to the backend layer of web applications, this layer serves as the central hub that accepts information from the network layer, performs calculations and data processing, provides data storage for the IoT device, and contains most of the logic that allows the device to function properly.
Analogous to the frontend layer of web applications, this layer is mainly responsible for presenting information to the users of the IoT device. It allows users to control and communicate with the IoT device, and is the layer that’s mainly responsible for delivering the best possible user experience.
This layer is focused on maximizing the business value of the IoT device. It is here that the data collected from all the different users of the IoT devices are analyzed and processed into useful knowledge, which can then be harnessed to further improve the IoT product and provide better services to its customer base.
Top 10 IoT Technologies
With the rise of IoT comes the emergence of different technologies that maximize the value of different IoT products and devices. Here are some of the most popular IoT technologies to pay attention to.
Just as with any network that connects a large number of users with one another, the devices within the Internet of Things aren’t immune to malicious attacks and security breaches. With IoT devices beings used inside the privacy of homes, many IoT technology products are focused on tightening security, which is deemed of highest priority.
As the number of devices connected to the IoT grows, so does the amount of data collected by the whole IoT network. With the ever increasing volumes of data comes the need for better and more optimal analytics technologies and algorithms that can process these data more efficiently.
IoT platforms are an all-in-one solution for IoT product development, maintenance, and support. These platforms offer a suite of tools such as hardware operations, application development, security integration, analytics, cloud support, and communication channels. Instead of having different tools for each of these aspects of IoT development, an IoT developer platform offers a single tool for it all.
Long-Range Low-Power Wireless IoT Networks
Most IoT devices currently connect to the internet by connecting to LAN networks within establishments and homes. However, to fully utilize the power of the internet and maximize mobility, IoT devices will benefit from utilizing long-range wireless technologies such as LTE cellular network connectivity to connect to the IP Wide Area Network (IPWAN).
Short-Range Low-Power Wireless IoT Networks
While long-range wireless connectivity is important, short-range connectivity is also just as important. Many business cases require the communication of IoT devices within close proximity, such as beacons and robotics. For these types of applications, short-range solutions such as Bluetooth low energy connectivity which offer a more stable and less energy-consuming solution than long-range connectivity are more suitable.
IoT development kits, like Microsoft IoT developer kit and the Intel IoT developer kit, enable the rapid prototyping of IoT devices. They provide all the hardware you’ll need to test and develop your IoT device ideas, complete with the development board with many essential sensors already installed, so you won’t have to waste time soldering and assembling your circuits.
IoT Device Management
For IoT products, customer satisfaction is of utmost importance, and technologies for monitoring and managing IoT devices will play a key role in this part. Such tools will be able to monitor device statuses and conditions, detect those that crash or encounter software or hardware issues, and enable vendors to make data-driven decisions and potentially mitigate future problems.
IoT Operating Systems
IoT devices are not meant to run on the traditional operating systems we use on our computers and mobile devices, because these operating systems may use more resources than necessary and may lack some critical IoT features. Instead, IoT products run on IoT operating systems, such as RIOT or FreeRTOS, which are specifically designed for the Internet of Things.
Machine learning brings the power of artificial intelligence to IoT devices. It works by harnessing the huge volumes of data that the IoT collects and feeding these data into some machines. Through the use of some complex learning algorithms, it then allows these machines to learn patterns from the data without human intervention. Machine learning algorithms often allow computers to outperform humans in many human tasks.
The vast IoT network exchanges vast amounts of data between millions of devices, so the different IoT products may consume a lot of bandwidth, leading to network traffic. Edge computing is one great solution, as it’s an optimized method of cloud computing where data processing is performed near the edges of the network, close to the data source. With this solution, bandwidth consumption is greatly reduced, and network traffic is avoided.
5 Skills IoT Developer Should Have
Here are 5 of the most essential skills that an IoT software developer or an IoT hardware developer should have to become competitive in today’s market.
The internet of things lives in the vast network of the internet, with billions of devices connected, so when you install any IoT product, one primary consideration would be which type of local network to set up your device in. As with computers, IoT devices will also be part of the local network of your home, business, or institution, so any networking rules that apply to those devices should also apply to your IoT device. This includes network restrictions, firewalls, proxy settings, and the like.
With news about hackings and private data leakage so rampant, one might wonder: is the Internet of Things secure enough for me to use? And the answer is simply: with the right knowledge of internet security, yes. A skilled IoT software developer should know the standard internet and network security best practices to protect information stored within your IoT device and within devices connected to your local network. This includes data encryption, proper private key management, and IP protection.
IoT developers will unavoidably deal with lots of prototypes consisting of electrical circuit components, so a well-rounded IoT developer must know his way around resistors, capacitors, LEDs, and breadboards, as well as how to assemble components to form a working prototype.
Software and Hardware Programming
One of the most promising aspects of IoT is the huge amounts of data that it will be able to collect from its users. In an era where data drives many technological innovations like machine learning, it is important to be able to analyze all these data and extract useful insights that will enable IoT product creators to improve the services they provide.
Sample IoT Developer CVs
Here are some sample resumes of IoT developers to give you a better idea of their typical skills and background.
Junior IoT Developer
Middle IoT Developer
Senior IoT Developer
Hire an IoT Developer Now
The Internet of Things is taking the technology sphere by storm, opening countless avenues for new business opportunities and dramatically improved human experiences. We have seen the different technologies that accompany and complement IoT, and these areas deserve special attention when you plan to carry out an IoT implementation or create an IoT product. We have also seen some guidelines on how to select a great IoT developer for your projects. The next step would then be to get started and hire your ideal IoT developer.
If you’re in search of talented developers to help you out, we’ve got you covered! At Mobilunity, we have the most excellent developers you can find across Europe, with skills that aren’t compromised by the incredibly low rates that we offer. If you want top-notch quality IoT development for the best possible price, we are the one to beat.